Private Dancer Tina Turner
Song Title: Private Dancer
Artist: Tina Turner
Date of release: 28th of October 1984
Description: ” Private Dancer ” is by Tina Turner ( Anna Mae Bullock ), the American-born Swiss recording artist, dancer, actress and author. Tina was born on the 26th of November 1939, in Nutbush, a small Agricultural community in Haywood County, Tennessee.
Nutbush was established in the early 1800s by European-American settlers who brought African Americans to work as slaves on the cotton plantations in the area. In 1958 Tina began her career as a featured singer with Kings of Rhythm, the American Rhythm and blues and Soul group fronted at the time by Ike Turner.
It was two years later that she first became known to the public as Tina Turner, then as a member of the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. The duo enjoyed many hits, ” River Deep – Mountain High ” in 1966, ” Proud Mary ” in 1971 and the 1973 ” Nutbush City Limits “, single written by Tina about her childhood home.
Tina went on to become a big star after splitting with Ike, having hits in the 80s and 90s. Often referred to as The Queen of Rock ‘n’ Roll, she is one of the world’s best-selling artists of all time and has combined sales of Album and singles in the region of 180 million copies worldwide. Her awards are many; they include eleven Grammy Awards and three Grammy Hall of Fame awards.
” Private Dancer ” was written by Mark Knopfler, the British singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer. He is best known as the front man for Dire Straits, the rock band. Rolling Stone ranked Mark 27th on their list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time. To date, Mark and Dire Straits have sold over 120 million records.
Production for the single was by John S. Carter, was an American music producer, writer, arranger and instrumentalist. He is credited with the relaunch of Tina’s career in the 1980s. In addition to songwriting and producer, John worked in the field of A&R, first working for Atlantic Records before being recruited to Capitol Records to work in their A&R department. There he worked with Bob Seger, Steve Miller Band, Sammy Hagar, Bob Welch and The Motels. On the 10th of May 2001, John S. Carter died of cancer in Palm Springs, California.
” Private Dancer ” was released on the 28th of October 1984 by record label Capitol ( Universal Music Group ) and was taken as the fifth single from Tina’s fifth solo album, Private Dancer.
The Album, released on the 29th of May 1984, was her debut with the label. Recording of the Album took place at several studios in England and involved four different production teams. A mixture of uptempo songs and ballads, the tracks were inspired by pop and rock genres.
The Album also featured elements of smooth jazz and R&B. It went on to reach number three on the Billboard 200 Chart and number two on the UK Albums Chart. In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America ( RIAA ) certified the Album 5× Platinum with sales of five million copies shipped.
Initially, the song was intended to be included on the Dire Straits’ Album Love over Gold. The instrumental for the track was laid down, but Mark Knopfler decided that the lyrics were not suitable for a male singer, so the track was cut from the Album.
Because of Legal restrictions, the original recording couldn’t be used by Tina. The track was re-worked by the members of the group to allow Tina to record the song. The re-working involved Terry Williams, who replaced the original drummer Pick Withers with Jeff Beck replacing Mark Knopfler.
The accompanying music video was filmed on location at the Rivoli Ballroom, London. Formerly the Crofton Park Picture Palace, it was reopened as The Rivoli on Boxing Day in 1959. The ballroom is the only one left intact from the 1950s in the city.
The video was directed by Brian Grant, the British BAFTA and Emmy nominated video and film director. Brian began his career as a cameraman and went on to become a successful director. He has worked with many artists, including Donna Summer, Peter Gabriel, Queen, Rod Stewart, Aretha Franklin, Dolly Parton, Kim Wilde, Whitney Houston, Spandau Ballet, Duran Duran and Olivia Newton-John. The video for Olivia Newton John’s ” Physical ” hit single won the Grammy Award for Best Video of the Year; the first Video Grammy awarded for that category at the time.
The choreography was by Arlene Phillips, the internationally renowned choreographer and director of West End and Broadway musicals. Arlene choreographed Annie, the 1982 film starring Aileen Marie Quinn in the lead role. In the United Kingdom she is best known as a judge on the tv show Strictly Come Dancing, a position she held from 2004–2009. However, she became a household name as the director and choreographer of British dance troupe, Hot Gossip. The troupe, formed in 1974, was made up of students that Arlene was teaching at the time.
Although the music video features Tina as a disillusioned ballroom dancer, many have interpreted the song to being sung from the perspective of a prostitute.
” Private Dancer ” was a commercial success for Tina. In the United States, the song reached a peak of number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 Chart, spending eighteen weeks on the chart. It also reached number thirty on the Adult Contemporary Chart and number three on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart.
In the United Kingdom, the song entered the UK Singles Chart on the 1st of November 1984 and reached a peak of number twenty-six. It spent six weeks in the top forty and a total of nine weeks on the UK chart.
BillBoard Highest Chart Position: 7
UK Highest Chart Position: 26
Other Countries Highest Chart Positions: Australia (Kent Music Report) 21, Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders) 5, Canada Top Singles (RPM) 11, Finland (Suomen virallinen lista) 11, Germany (Official German Charts) 20, Ireland (IRMA) 14, Netherlands (Single Top 100) 4, New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ) 5, Spain (PROMUSICAE) 6
Official Website: Tinaturnerofficial.com
FaceBook Page: Facebook.com/TinaTurner
Wikipedia Page: Wikipedia.org/TinaTurner